blog


Are Areas Around Oceans Always Humid?

A lot of people think that areas around oceans are always humid. This is not completely true, although, areas around oceans are usually more humid than the deep parts of the mainland. For example, most of central America is not as humid as the parts of the country that are closer to the sea.

Just think of the Nevada deserts and the Colorado canyons. They are so dry that rain falls just a few times over the year. Cities near the sea are much more humid, but even they have different humidity. For example, Los Angeles is a lot drier than Miami. There two main reasons for this.

One reason is the high mountains on the west that prevent humid air coming from the west to penetrate into the mainland, and the other very important reason is the water current of the ocean. The one on the west coast comes from the north. This current is cold and cold water evaporates harder thus creating less humidity in the air. On the other hand, Miami and the east coast is facing a current coming from the south where the water is hotter and evaporates easier. This creates a lot more humidity in the air. Actually, cities that are more southern have the most humidity. Such is Miami, Orlando, Charlotte, Atlanta, and as we go north, the humidity drops, so Boston and the Canadian coast are drier.

What is humidity?

What is humidityHumidity is actually hotter and heavier air with more hydrogen atoms in it. We all know from chemistry that water is H2O, and hydrogen and oxygen are very fond of mixing together. The air we breathe contains a lot more chemicals in it. Most of it is nitrogen and the second most common is oxygen. Without it, we could live, but depending on the amount of water vapor, or hydrogen atoms in the air, we measure the level of humidity in the air.

What causes humidity?

Humidity is caused by evaporating of the water. Humidity is most common in areas where a lot of water evaporates. Evaporation on the Earth is caused, of course, by the sun. Areas of the planet where the sun has the most effect have the biggest humidity. For example, places that are closest to the Equator are all filled with deep forests because there is a lot of humidity and plants and wildlife love humid air.

What cities are the most humid ones?

In the states, cities in the south have the most humidity. The hot weather and the currents providing hot water that evaporates create cities with a lot of humidity. Some of the most humid cities are Orlando, New Orleans, Houston, Miami, but also cities in the northwest where the current brings hot evaporating water, like Seattle and Portland. However, the cities in the south have an overall temperature that’s much higher than the one in the north. Humidity and hot air are a pretty difficult combination.

What can we do about humidity?

There’s nothing that can be done on a global level. Nothing can be done about the city’s humid air too, we can’t and shouldn’t control the climate as this is very important for the planet and the wildlife in it. However, we can control the air we breathe in our own home. Technology has reached the level when it can provide almost anything for a better life. In these situations, the best solution is called – dehumidifiers.

What are dehumidifiers?

Dehumidifiers are devices that turn the humid air into a dry one. They actually decrease the amount of humidity in your room. If you get a more powerful one, it can solve the problem in your whole house. The power of the dehumidifier is the reason for taking care of just one or more rooms.

Types of dehumidifiers

There are two main different types of dehumidifiers – desiccant and refrigerant dehumidifiers. They are both good and whatever you choose is okay. The difference between them is the way they do the job. The second one collects the moisture from the air and passes it through a cold coil evaporator. This makes the air dry. The desiccant one draws the water from the moisture letting only dry air back in the room while the rest is heated and removed.

Is humidity dangerous?

Humidity is not dangerous but it makes living harder. In the areas where the temperature is high, the humid air just makes things worse. Cities in the world where the temperature can be extreme but is located in a dry area have fewer people suffering from the heat than those in wet areas. It is not dangerous but it tougher to handle.


Cleaning with water VS Cleaning with Steam

So you’re setting up your apartment the way you want it. You have arranged everything by feng shui and you enjoy reading a book on your new chair while sun heats your feet from the perfectly bright window. It’s a good life. For a week. And then cleaning up the place comes into your life. What are you going to do? Hire a professional and pay top dollars for this or clean up by yourself and spend the money on something much better? The second one right?

Cleaning with water VS Cleaning with Steam

So you’re going to clean up the place. Yes, but how? Do you know anything about it? You do, right? How hard mopping and wiping can be? You’re right, it’s not hard at all, but is it best to do it everywhere or some parts need a different approach? Can you use the same brush for the tiles and the upholstery? It’s not as easy as it seems, right?

Cleaning with water is good for hard floors, like tiles, laminate or stone. A simple towel and some water are just enough. This will collect all the dust from the floors and eventual stains will require a little more effort. Overall, this is nothing complex and anyone can do it without trying too much. But, what happens when you need to clean up the carpets and the upholstery from the furniture. You can’t just use the same rugs and splash the water over the whole place. First, you’ll make much more mass that it was and you won’t clean anything. Carpets can’t be cleaned this way, they require something else.

Steam vacuum cleaners are a good idea. Carpet cleaners that use steam can be used for both your carpet and for hard floors. However, their main use is for carpets. Carpet cleaners use a different kind of technology for doing their job. There’s no right or wrong technology, but some people prefer using shampoos and some like simple vacuuming without using any detergent. Here are the most common types of carpet cleaners:

Hot water extraction

Carpet cleaners that use hot water extraction as a system, are adding steam to the carpet before they vacuum it. The steam will dissolve the ingredients and will soften the fibers making them much easier for vacuuming.

Encapsulation technique

Encapsulation has taken over the shampooing of carpets that was popular back in the day. Today, vacuum cleaners use encapsulated detergents that turn into foam when it is dried. The foam captures the dirt and at the end, a simple carpet cleaner will vacuum it with ease living no trace behind it.

Bonnet technique

Bonnet technique is good for places where you don’t need a thorough cleaning. With bonnet technique carpet cleaners use a cleaning solution that only takes care of the surface of the carpet. It does make the carpet look perfect after it is cleaned, but in reality, a lot of dirt is still left on the bottom which will soon appear back up.

Dry cleaning

Dry cleaners insert powder inside the carpets which is then thoroughly brushed by the carpet cleaner. The powder reaches deep inside the carpet and the special brushes have no problem in getting through the fibers making a deep clean. This is a very popular type because it needs no drying time and the carpet can be used right after the clean-up.

Carpet cleaner brands and cleaning tips

Carpet cleaner

Some of the most popular brands in the vacuuming industry are Bissel, Vax, Rug Doctor, Dyson, Shark, and others. They all have all these technologies to offer depending on your needs. Some people simply prefer one kind over the other and brands have no problem in delivering.

When it comes to cleaning with these machines – it’s really simple. They are all operated in pretty much the same way and differ only in performance and looks. To work, they almost always have a button and a few controls that speed and the power.

When it comes to cleaning the carpet, we suggest taking all solid parts from it that might get stuck in the vacuum pipe. Also, have only the rug placed on the ground without chairs and tables that you’ll have to go around while cleaning. This will both damage the cleaner and the furniture.

Before you start cleaning with a detergent or a cleaning solution, make sure they are the best choice for your needs. Some cleaning solutions are specially made for different kinds of materials and colors. This means it will be the best to look for specific types of solutions that fit your rug.

In the end, use the carpet cleaner often. This will prevent adding too much dirt in your carpet that will be harder to be cleaned. Often and fast clean-ups are the best.


Protecting Your Family Against Floods

natural disastersNature is amazingly beautiful when you see it at its finest, but nature can be even scarier when natural disasters happen. Each year, fires, tornadoes, low and high temperatures, and floods take a lot of lives everywhere around the world. No one is safe unless proper measures are undertaken way long before any sign for a flood appears.

 

Some might think that flooding can’t be compared to a tornado’s power and disastrous appearance, but the truth is that floods take even more lives each year in some areas than tornadoes do. Even if people remain safe, floods cause a lot of damage and sometimes even wipe out complete living areas living a lot of people homeless.

In order to do your best in the fight against floods, you must be well prepared. If you’re living in an area with a history of flooding, you must always be prepared for the worst. Sometimes floods can be controlled and sometimes you won’t be able to do anything about it. However, most of the times even a little effort can prevent a lot of damage to your home and even save you and your family.

Here’s a list of what you must do if you want to get by with as little damage as possible during a flood. Read on and find out.

Sandbags

SandbagsSandbags are very convenient and useful for floods. They are very affordable and every home in a floods area should store some for critical situations. Sandbags are actually stuffed with different materials that don’t allow water to get through them. Polypropylene is the most common material as it is affordable, yet very effective. Simply keep the bags in the garage and before the flood place them on the most critical points around your house. This will prevent the flood from entering the premises.

Sump Pumps

Sump pumps are a must for houses that often face floods. Even if you’re living in an area that is not flooding risky, you should have a sump pump in your basement. Sump pumps are very useful in situations of leakages and any situation in which you need to pump out a large amount of water. A flooded basement is not just water that keeps you from using the place, but it’s also a terrible disease spreader. That’s why it’s highly important to clean the area as fast as possible.

Turn off the electricity

You know that water and electricity are not friendly when they get in close contact. Flood in touch with the main power supply can easily cause fire and this is something that is almost impossible to control. That’s why you should turn off the electricity if you see that the flood will get inside the house.

Keep supplies on a higher place

When disaster strikes, you can’t be sure how long it will take until things get to normal. Unless the area needs to be evacuated, you’ll have to live under those circumstances for a while. That’s why you’ll want to have enough clean drinkable water and food that will keep you full. Store everything in a higher place, the second floor if it’s possible, or at least on a shelf that’s high enough so the flood won’t damage it.

Build a home that’s flood-proof

If you’re building a house in an area that’s known for floods, have the architect do a plan by which your home will be higher than usual. Also, install drains in the basement and sump pumps that are constructed for this need. Sump pumps that will extort the water out of the basement the same moment it reaches in.

Keep at least two power generators

Floods mean you can’t use the power socket in your wall. This means no powering your Smartphone, no TV, and no radio too. No way to get information nor communicating with the outside world.¬† Sump pumps that should dry the place also need power, so you’re going to have a lot of manual power at these times. Have at least two power generators that will be able to supply enough power for your needs.

Conclusion

It’s best to prevent the water from outside get in your home. That’s why precautions are important. However, a lot of times these precautions will simply not be enough. You need to know how to handle the flood once it gets inside the house. We’ve pointed out the most important things that you should mind. There are more things that can be done, but if you’re facing a flood, these are the things that are an absolute must. Never forget them and be brave in those hard times.


Energy From Water Has been Around For a Century But Do We Maximize its Effect?

There are many ways to get electricity to our homes. Big companies providing electricity use a lot of different ways to produce and then transport that electricity to our homes. It started with coal factories transferring this fuel into electricity, but then other ways developed. Gas, eco-fuels, nuclear plants, wind turbines, solar plants, and of course, one of the most used – hydropower plant.

Energy from water, or from hydropower plants is around for more than a century now, but do we really use it the best way possible? This is one of the most affordable ways of getting electricity, it’s eco-friendly and water is such a powerful supply for getting endless amounts of electricity.

How Does a Hydropower Plant Work?

How Does a Hydropower Plant WorkHydropower plants need a good investment in order to do a great job. First, a dam is built on a river that has an option for this. Then nig turbines are installed and the water falls down on them. As the turbines move, electricity is produced which is then transferred through special conductors that supply our homes.

The best part of this investment is that is done only once and there is no need for further investments in order to produce electricity. Unlike other types of factories that require fuels, water plants need nothing else than the already existing river. We know that rivers flow without stopping and all we have to do is to control the amount of water getting in the turbines. The more water behind the dam, the more electricity can be produced.

Of course, one turbine can only do so much, so some power plants are built on big rivers that can supply a lot of turbines, thus producing a lot of electricity. Big cities require a lot of power so huge investments should be made in order to feed every home.

Electricity is essential for our living today. It might haven’t been such a big deal back in the day if electricity shortage happens, but today this is a true problem. Everything works on electricity and thanks to this power source many important appliances in our homes can function properly and make our life easier. Starting with a simple Smartphone charger and ending with a water supply machines that pump the water in higher grounds. Without them, some of us will be living without electricity and water.

The Connection Between Water And Electricity in Our Lives

Connection Between Water And ElectricityEven though everyone knows how dangerous it is to connect live electricity and water, these two simply go hand by hand in our everyday life. For example, a simple shower requires water but it’s nearly impossible to be done if the water is not heated. Water heaters use electricity to heat the water to a respectable temperature for our use.

This is an interesting connection, kind of a love-hate story by the two. They can’t stand being next to each other, but if we want to get one of them, we need to call the other one too. We get electricity by exploiting water and then we need electricity again to get water in our faucets and showers. It’s an amazing connection.

The science and the technology has gone so far that we don’t see the whole process of getting water and power, we just use them without doing absolutely anything. Before 50 or 60 years a lot of people on the Globe still had to wait a lot of time and work their best to get hot water. A lot of these people didn’t even know what electricity was. Today, almost everyone on the planet is supplied with these goods. In the modern world, however, electricity and hot water are always present in our homes.

There’s always electricity in our sockets in the walls and hot water is available 24/7 thanks to the revolutionary system that tankless water heaters use. Without the need for excessive use of power, tankless water heaters provide hot water in our showers whenever we need it. They are very eco-friendly as they don’t spend unnecessary electricity, yet, water is hot every time we turn the faucet on.

Standard water heaters are now outdated and everyone that cares about the environment and wants to have hot water in their home all the time installs a tankless water heater. Sure, it’s an investment that some might not be able to make, but the positive sides are so many. Tankless water heaters are installed directly on the water pipes and can provide hot water for the whole house and just one faucet.

As a modern civilization, we definitely don’t use most of the water potential and we must do everything in our power to maximize it. This is good for everyone. Both for us as users, and for the environment and the Planet.


Ways To Boost Your Energy At Work

Ways To Boost Your Energy At WorkEveryone working in an office knows how hard it is to maintain 100% efficiency. There’s absolutely no way to keep working at full speed 8 hours a day, and at least five days a week. The mind and the body needs rest and fun in order to keep the productivity and efficiency at the highest possible level.

That’s why everyone working in an office should find the best possible way to relax from time to time if they want to have maximum energy during the working hours. Good work means more efficiency and this means more money, of course. Some of the ways to boost your energy at work without using illegal substances or energy drinks that are extremely unhealthy will be explained here. If you want to know more, keep on reading.

Make Yourself Comfortable

Make Yourself ComfortableSince we spend almost 8 hours every day in the office, we must feel comfortable. Just think about how much actually 8 hours are – it’s a third of the whole day. Add another third that we spend on sleeping so it’s actually half of the time we’re awake. When we get home, we like to have a comfy sofa and read a relaxing book to feel good, right? Well, why should the workspace be any different? We must find a chair that’s perfect for us and make the working space feel as much pleasant as possible.

This means that even if you work in a cubicle and have little space, you must fill your desk with things that you love. Pictures of your family, favorite flowers and similar. When things get rough at work, just look at your surroundings and you’ll immediately feel better. This will surely boost your energy and you’ll make it through a hard working day.

Another thing that’s very important, is the office chair on which you spend your day. It is very important to have a chair that’s comfortable because uncomfortable chair will create stress, pain and you’ll certainly feel nervous. This will lead to bad communication with other coworkers and productivity drop. All this can be avoided with a simple chair switch. Find a chair that fits you best.

How to Choose a Good Office Chair

People creating and selling office chairs made a thorough research on the subject of office chairs. They know exactly what a good chair is that will keep you relaxed all working day. Here are some of the most important parts:

Back support

A good office chair has lumbar support. A special part of the construction that will keep your lower back relaxed and in perfect shape while you seat and work. This is very important if you don’t want to feel convoluted during the working hours, but also after work too.

Chair adjustments

Chair adjustments

All people are different and there’s no person that has the same body as someone else. That’s why there’s no one size fits all office chair. This means that you need to look for a chair that is able to adjust their parts. All chairs have an adjustment for the hand rest and the height of the seat, but this is simply not enough for perfect comfort. Look for a chair that has as many adjustable parts as possible.

Wheels

You’ll be amazed how many injuries happen at work from stretching. You know, that little extra move to reach the furthest item on your desk. This is why you need good wheels on your chair. If you work in an office that has carpets, you’ll need special wheels that can move on all surfaces and not just tiles or parquet. Don’t forget this part.

Chair Material

A gigantic leather office chair is a synonym for the chair that the boss use, right? This might be true, but it doesn’t mean a leather chair is the best option. On contrary, a good chair material is the one that will allow your body to bread. Modern chairs use fabrics that will keep your body from overheating by sitting too long in them but will also offer enough support to keep you comfortable and feel relaxed in them. The combination of these two is the best, so look for a fabric that’s both comfortable and useful.

Conclusion

To boost your energy at work, you need to keep your body and your mind satisfied. That’s why in your office you need to have a place that will keep your mind cool and your body relaxed. Place mind satisfactory items on your desk and a comfy chair by it.


Sustainable Energy / Water Generation&Home Efficiency

humanityTo prove noble, any company must attempt to give back to humanity. The best way to do so would be an attempt to solve problems that affect humanity the most. Even better, is to focus a company’s energies on solutions to humanity’s problems. One of the few contemporary issues affecting humanity in the 21st century is energy and water resource. Concerns such as environmental pollution and depletion of resources have led to the modern operating environment being in desperate need for sustainable energy as a solution to the global energy crisis.

energy sourcesThe traditional forms of energy such as oil and natural gas are therefore being phased out in favor of sustainable energy sources like hydroelectricity, wind energy, solar power, geothermal, and wave energy. Water, on the other hand, has been recognized as a basic human want globally. This is despite the fact that a very small proportion of the global population has access to water in medically recommended quantities. It is in recognition of the wisdom in helping humanity that focuses on sustainable solutions to water and energy production as its core line of operation. Unlike some other power companies in this field that are profit oriented and view the venture as a market gap to be exploited. Therefore, profits are a secondary concern to us.

Our main objective is contributing to humanity. This differentiates us from other power producers, and that s why our members need to maintain their loyalty with us. We are your company of choice. Our commitment to our work can be seen in our dedication to this field.

In terms of sustainable energy,it has the necessary technological prowess to provide some of the most informed and strategic insights in this field. We have a footprint in all fields of sustainable energy. In addition to what we produce, here are types of sustainable energy generation that you need to know.

Hydroelectric power

Hydroelectric power uses the energy of the flowing water to produce electricity. The basic science involved in this technology entails creating a water reservoir/dam. The purpose of the dam is to create a water head, thereby storing potential energy. When the water is released from the dams via penstocks, it hits a series of turbines. The energy in the water rotates the turbines, effectively converting the initial potential energy to kinetic energy. After this, an alternator is used to convert the kinetic energy from the turbines to electric energy. The energy is then linked to a national grid that transmits it to an entire state.

This form of energy is used in many African countries. Some of the biggest hydroelectric dams globally that portray engineering marvel have been created along the major rivers such as the Nile and the Zambezi in Africa. This form of energy is sustainable and mostly large scale. One of the major limitations of hydroelectric power production is the inadequacy in small-scale production technologies. With our highly qualified experts, we provide the latest technological intervention to curb such limitations in this field.

hydroelectric

Geothermal power

This form of sustainable energy takes advantage of steam reservoirs, deep in the earth’s surface to generate energy. The steam reservoirs are located mostly along tectonic plates or areas with high volcanic activity. Production of this form of energy is mostly large scale, with some of the largest volumes of this form of energy being produced in East Africa. A careful cost-benefit analysis is warranted before venturing into this form of energy production. The rationale behind this is that steam reservoirs in the earth’s surface are plenty, but the cost of exploration in some cases outweighs the expected benefits.

Nevertheless, most of the African countries that were initially dependent on hydroelectric power are now diversifying to this form of energy. This is because hydroelectric energy fluctuates depending on the amount of water in rivers; this makes it vulnerable and unreliable in periods of droughts. On the other hand, geothermal energy is clean, draught proof and consistent all year round. With respect to this form of energy, we do the cost-benefit analysis before deciding to venture into any form of energy productions. Better yet, we also guide clients concerning the latest developments in this sector.

Wave energy/Tidal power/Wind Energy/Bioenergy/Solar Energy

wave energyThese forms of energy represent the latest developments in technological fronts with respect to energy. Wave energy taps its energy from waves in the oceans. On the other hand, tidal energy takes advantage of ocean tides. Just as the name suggests, wind energy, solar energy and bioenergy tap energy from the wind, bioresources and solar respectively.We offer its clients strategic insights on these modern forms of energy. Our team of experts can guide you in assessing the feasibility of any of these modern alternatives.

Sustainable water

Shifting our focus to sustainable water generation, first, we recognize the importance of water as a prerequisite to life. We also recognize its global scarcity and the need for a cross-functional and multidisciplinary approach in tackling the issue. Secondly, we understand most of the challenges affecting water like the slow adoption of technology in this field as compared to other fields. With the stated in mind, we have come up with a dedicated team of water specialists that can provide insights concerning all aspects of clean water generation. Our experts have knowledge ranging from policy formulation and implementation to technological interventions and their feasibility in applicability to various situations. We are therefore aiming to improve efficiency resource utilization in every home.

In conclusion, we as a company appreciate the need for sustainability to ensure the longevity of the human race. We have therefore decided to concentrate our energies in this field, with specific emphasis on sustainable energy and water. We, therefore, remain the ideal power company to spearhead generation of clean energy and sustainable water production.


Government Supports Energy Saving Appliances in 2017

energy consumptionIn an attempt to ensure sustainability, governments worldwide are encouraging their citizens to save on power by focusing on efficiency in energy consumption. Several plans put forward by the governments have been forwarded in favor of such initiative. A good example is home energy efficiency and action program. This initiative supported by various governments has seen financial implications in excess of 26.8 million dollars. It targets members from low-income households and helps those in getting access to home appliances and gadgets that have been proven energy efficient.

The program has encountered good reception internationally, especially from low-income households. It differentiates itself from other programs in this field by focusing on low-income communities. Another related program of interest is the home power savings program. This program has a cost implication of over estimated 36 million dollars and has ensured energy savings in excess of about 120,000 megawatts. Such programs key mode of operation involves providing finance to specific households with the aim of purchasing energy efficient appliances such as energy saving television sets, iron boxes, and microwaves among others.

Technological interventions are also at the forefront of ensuring access to energy efficient appliances. Several applications have been developed by programmers on behalf of governments in favor of this noble initiative. An example is the smart choice application software. This program is mobile friendly and guides consumers in selecting the most energy-efficient appliances in a particular product line that a customer might want to purchase. It does this by comparing energy savings of the gadgets as provided by manufacturers, together with the cost allegations. It then selects the most optimal alternative based on energy and cost consideration, but with energy consideration having more weight in the logical decision-making process.

smart choice

Another piece of application software in energy saving is the power save app. This particular application has the ability to calculate the level of energy saving every home can realize. Information about all gadgets that use power in homes is fed into the program together with information on the power consumption realized in the home over time. The application then calculates the level of efficiency a household has realized by use of the information reprogrammed into the gadgets. Interestingly, it goes further to publish the names of the most energy-efficient homes online.

shower haeadAnother area that is least expected, yet in the recent past has proven dependable in terms of energy savings is showerheads. First, when selecting a showerhead, water savings have to be considered. High water bills are just as much as a nuisance as high power bills. Secondly, if your shower cap has a water heating system attached to it, energy savings in this frontier need to be considered.As stated in Finest Shower, the technology involved in energy saving showerheads involves limitation of the amount of water discharged from the showerhead together with an efficient system of heating the water as it passes through the shower cap. Adopting this energy saving method, as part of an entire holistic household power saving initiative, can realize great household benefits.

Still focusing on least expected areas that can guarantee large energy saving costs, we now turn our attention to top-rated flushing toilets in the market. Toilets indeed can results in huge savings if properly considered in terms of water and power savings. With respect to water, the concept of savings is simple, proper choice of toilets that optimize water use is the way to go. On the other hand, focusing on energy savings from toilets entails a reverse form of thinking.

Other innovative solutions encouraged and supported by governments worldwide to ensure energy saving in 2017 include energy saving schemes. Governments are offering incentives in collaboration with financial institutions in favor of saving schemes that focus on energy home usage. In some countries, such savings are free, and if not, the interest accrued is paid by the government. Another innovative solution is energy based incentives and refunds. Some governments, the energy saving target per household is set by the government. Incentives are then given to achieve these objectives. Furthermore, overachieving the targets can lead to refunds of a percentage of the bill paid for power. This keeps the citizens highly motivated and brings them on board the governments’ energy saving initiatives.

energy savingAnother way that governments are supporting energy saving initiatives in 2017 is by facilitating the creation of various energy plans that best suit a consumer. The consumer gets a wide range of energy plans with a touch of energy savings on each. Lastly, governments have invested in information technology to keep their citizens informed about the need for energy saving. The need for the same is taught in different academic institutions, together with sponsored adverts in electronic media, to ensure everyone is well informed about the nobility of energy saving ventures. Some governments go a step further and sponsor competitions in academic institutions to encourage students to come up with technologies that can guarantee energy savings. This has the effect of not just motivating students but also aiding them in applying their theoretical knowledge to the contemporary issues. It also keeps them informed about the governments’ commitment to energy saving plans and related initiatives.

Instead of focusing on cutting energy costs, we need to shift gears and focus on energy generation. In this respect, sludge from toilets can be used as a basic raw material for power generation. More like what happens in biogas digesters. Estimations from the scientific community predict that proper use of toilet sludge to generate power in households’ can yield enough power to sustain all basic household gadgets that use electricity in quantities of less than two hundred and forty volts.

In conclusion, energy savings will be the focus of many governments in 2017. The governments have come up with very innovative methods of bringing their citizenry on board this initiative. Programs focusing on energy savings are examples. Other examples include focusing on technology and looking for energy saving ventures in the least expected places like toilets and showerheads. Here is a cool website about the top showerheads. Collaborating with financial and academic institutions in this venture is another tactic governments are using to achieve energy saving objectives.


Home Climate Control To Help Reducing Energy

ecosystemThe modern homes are no longer just merely habitats. Instead, they comprise of a delicate ecosystem in which human beings, animals, and plants coexist. This is especially so in cases where small gardens with aesthetic flowers, plants, pets, and reptiles have found their way into our homes. These living things deserve an ideal environment just as the humans. With this in mind, some form of home climate control is expected in almost all modern homes.

home controlNowadays, the need for homes to be just at the right temperature is demanded more than ever. As if that is not enough, other aspects of the environment in homes are controlled too. This may range from humidity to even precipitation in some cases. What is more, some homes even go a step further and attempt to simulate winds and other environmental conditions so as to produce a feel as close to nature as possible. Amazingly, in more advanced home climate controlled environments, even the specific chemical components in the air like oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen are controlled.

The outlined specifics place a very high demand on technology. Designers of home climate control gadgets have to factor in several environmental requirements in their gadgets. Even more, the modern consumer has greatly evolved. People are now more technologically empowered. Furthermore, folks prefer convenience in whatever they do nowadays. Again, this places a very high demand on home climate control so that people can live in perfect conditions. Manufacturers of climate control devices are now factoring the convenience use of the gadgets they design.

smart thermostatLuckily, technology has also evolved over the years. Such demands would have been a big burden to a scientist in the past centuries. In the 21st century, the advent of smart technology, advanced computer systems, and the internet make even the most unexpected changes in the way we live. A trip to the shopping mall to buy a smart wifi thermostat can illustrate this point better. The alternatives at the customers’ disposal are nothing short of surprising.

To understand home climate control better, the following is an explanation of the scientific principles used in home climate control systems.

Operations of home control devices

Science has established that to effectively control the climate in homes, three factors are very important; a functional heating system, a ventilation system, and an air conditioning system. The combination of the three can manipulate thermodynamic principles, with a specific focus on fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and refrigeration to produce the desired microclimate appreciated in most residential areas.

Heating systems

Such systems use appliances that produce heat. They have a warmth functionality in a home climate control system. Heat pumps are the main appliance in most modern home climate controls systems. They work by extracting heat from almost anything and consequently using it to warm homes.

Ventilation system

The main purpose of this function is usually to exchange air. Fresh air from the environment is let in while stuffy air in residential homes is released out. A form of a filter has to be installed in most ventilation to ensure air entering into the building is of the required quality. Such things like dust particles, bad odors, and bacteria have to be removed from the air before it is ready to be used by human beings. Ventilation systems can be either mechanical in nature. For instance, motors rotate fans that bring in the air while the natural scientific principles are exploited to ensure the natural flow of air in and out of buildings.

Refrigeration system

This has the cooling functionality in home climate control systems. A refrigerating fluid is circulated around the area to be cooled. It absorbs energy from the environment leaving the environment cooler than before. In most modern systems, the refrigeration and the heating systems are combined and work reversibly, that is to mean that a refrigeration system can also work as a heating system.

Smart thermostats

smart thermostat 2Based on the scientific principles outlined, a home control system has the following components; a heating system, a ventilation system, and refrigeration system. Additionally, modern home climate control systems have added functionality to ensure convenience of use. A good example is a smart thermostat.

Smart thermostats have incorporated smart technology in their operations. Therefore, they can be controlled remotely via an electronic gadget like a computer or mobile phones. An application is first created and installed on a phone, tablet, or computer. The application is then linked to the home climate control thermostat. The gadget and thermostat communicate remotely via several internet and telecommunication signals. Since a smart thermostat can be preprogrammed, it can control and issue commands to the system. Interestingly, the user can operate it remotely like the way you can open the door locks to your car by pressing a button on the car keys remotely.

In the recent past, smart thermostats have seen an increase in popularity. Apart from the climate control in the house, another area where they have encountered good reception is in wine cooling. Wine coolers, as the name suggests are coolers specifically designed for wines. They are slightly different from general refrigerators. They have a variable cabinet size to accommodate wines of different tastes and sizes. The units are classier and luxurious as compared to other coolers, suitable for any modern home. Since wine coolers mostly attempt to regulate the temperature of wines, thermostats are now being used to regulate wine storage temperature.

The thermostat can be programmed or just controlled by the user to set the temperature required in the cooler. The convenience of controlling the temperature of your wine remotely is now becoming popular among several homeowners. You are far away from home but still want the wine to be at just the right temperature when you get there. Well, in this particular case, smart thermostats for your wine cooler can be the best choice. Using smart technology, you can simply press a button on your mobile gadget and get everything done without your presence. Smart technology, the future is here.


Rain Harvesting for Entire Home Water Consumption

rain harvestingRainwater harvesting entails capturing and diverting rainwater to homes or storage sites for consumption, domestic and industrial use. It has several advantages. First, it provides an alternative to conventional water supply methods and systems like piped water from municipal councils or bore holes. Furthermore, it supplements water demands placed on standard water supply systems. Secondly, it prevents most of the negative aspects associated with rainwater such as soil erosion. Lastly, the water harnessed from rainwater harvesting is generally considered clean and can, therefore, be used in almost all applications that utilize water.

Components of rainwater harvesting systems

Rainwater harvesting systems vary in nature and technology. Nevertheless, there are components common to all water harvesting systems from the design standpoint. This includes a system of capturing the rainwater and channeling it away from the capturing point, a system of storage, and a system of treating the water to ensure it’s safe for use. Treatment of water is also done to reduce hardness that is usually associated with rainwater. Capturing and conveyance systems usually use an elaborate system of pipes and storage tanks.

Reverse Osmosis, water filters, water softeners and other chemicals are used in the treatment of the water. Read the following detailed discussion about the various rainwater harvesting components.

Water capturing, conveyance and storage

rain harvesting 2 The basic requirement for any rainwater harvesting system to be used is low permeability and a slight gradient. This ensures that there is no accumulation of debris on the capturing device. Gutters, in addition to downspouts, can be used for this purpose. In conveyance systems, aspects such as rusting should be put in mind when selecting or designing a conveyance system. Even though it’s expensive in terms of money, galvanized iron pipes are generally recommended. A cheaper alternative to this is PVC pipes. During storage, modern storage tanks are suggested instead of traditional ones. What is more, an ideal cover for the storage tanks is advisable to ensure there is no water contamination.

Water treatment

Water treatment attempts to remove the harmful and non-beneficial aspects of water properties. In its most basic form, it involves ro-system, water filtering, and water softening.

Water filters and water filtering methods

water filtersWater filtering methods attempt to remove unwanted particles from harvested rainwater. The materials are responsible for the harmful impurities. The most basic water filtering methods are sedimentation, use of heat and light separation. Sedimentation uses gravitational principles to settle particles in water at the bottom of sedimentation tanks. This then facilitates their removal. Heat use is mostly through boiling to kill all unwanted pathogens in water making it safe for drinking. Sometimes the light is used. The ultraviolet rays of sunlight are harnessed to kill unwanted bacteria in the water.

Chemical methods of water filtering are more popular nowadays due to their effectiveness and applicability in large-scale situations. Some of the common chemicals used in these types of water filters include chlorine, bromine, iodine, hydrogen peroxide, and lime. Chlorine is used in municipal water systems and is preferred because it is cheap and effective. It can also be bought in small quantities for treating rainwater harvested at homes. Bromine is a cheaper alternative to chlorine. Even though not popular, iodine is equally effective in killing harmful pathogens in water. Lime and hydrogen peroxide are mostly used to get rid of water hardness.

Water softening methods

Water softening involves the removal of mineral elements from the water. The elements include calcium and magnesium, which are responsible for the hard properties of water. Several water-softening methods are inexistent today. The basic principles they use is to reduce the quantities of calcium, magnesium and other metal ions from the water. The most common of these water-softening methods is the use of lime. This method takes advantage of the chemical properties of lime that enable it to react with metal ions. The lime is added to the hard water thereby softening it. The resulting water is more compatible to soap.

Another chemical method used in water softening is the use of recharged resins. Sodium chloride and sodium hydroxide are used in this process to replace the magnesium and calcium ions in the water solution. A more popular method used in water softening is distillation. The limitation to this method is the cost implications. The latest technological intervention with respect to water softening is reverse osmosis. This method uses the scientific principle of osmosis to remove metal ions from water. Just like in any process of osmosis, a semi-permeable membrane is used to filter out molecules larger than water particles. Rainwater is pushed through the membrane in order to separate the impurities. The main limitation of this method is the recurrent need for membrane replacement and the fact that it can only be applied in very specific instances.

Electronic methods of water softening have emerged in modern times. The methods, however, do not remove the metal ions from water. Instead, they attempt to reduce their non-attractive properties. Softened water is used for washing clothes, bathing, and hair cleaning. Showering with hard water leaves the skin looking rough. Also, it makes the hair feel dull and hard. Therefore, water softeners are essential to eliminate such problems.

Summing up, rainwater harvesting should be considered as an alternative to conventional water provision methods like municipal water supply. The basic components of a water harvesting system include; a system of capturing, conveying and storage of water, together with a good system of water treatment. Water treatment involves reverse osmosis or water filtering, as well as water softening. All of them attempt to remove impurities and other harmful pathogens in water. It also helps in reducing the level of hardness in water.

The water treatment methods can be grouped into physical, chemical and electronic. Physical methods like the use of water filters are more popular. On the other hand, Chemical methods like the use of chemical water softeners are less popular and mostly used in large scale. Latest developments, nevertheless, have solved this problem by coming up with chemical solutions for small-scale applications.