Platy Fish is a trendy fish to have in a freshwater aquarium, and for good reasons. They usually come in various colors, such as blue, red, orange, black, green, and yellow.
Platys are easy to care for and can be a tremendous first-time community fish for anyone starting with the hobby!
They are very peaceful and can be kept with many other popular community aquarium fish. They have an egg-shaped body with a flat bottom and a long dorsal fin that moves up and down as it swims, which gives them their common name, "Platy Fish."
Table of Contents
- Species Summary
- Platy Fish Care Guide
- Environment And Habitat
- Platy Fish Food & Diet
- Tank Size
- Tank Mates
- Platy Fish Environment
- Cleaning The Aquarium
- Platy Fish Behavior And Aggression
- In The Wild
- In The Aquarium
- Tank Decorations
- Fish Diseases That Platy Fish Get
- Treatments For Diseases
- The Most Important Things To Consider When Buying Platy Fish
- Advantage Of Having Platy Fish In Your Tank
- Disadvantages Of Having Platy Fish In Your Tank
|Common Name(s):||Platy Fish, Molly Fish, Molly|
|Scientific Name:||Poecilia Sphenops or Mollienesia Latipinna|
|Average Adult Fish Size:||2.8 inches (6 cm)|
|Maximum Adult Fish Size:||3 inches (8 cm)|
|Water Temperature Requirements:||65°-75° Fahrenheit (18°-24° Celsius)|
|Recommended Aquatic Plants:||Medium to Fast Growing|
|Minimum Tank Size:||10 gallons per pair or 20 gallons for a mixed tank|
|Tank Region:||Middle to Top|
|Diet:||Omnivore enjoys live and prepared foods such as bloodworms and brine shrimp|
|Size (Dogs):||8-12 inches (20-30 cm)|
|Lifespan:||3-5 years or longer|
|Recommended Aquarium Size:||30 Gallons|
|pH Range:||6.8 - 8.0|
|Water Hardness:||Soft to Slightly Hard,10 to 28 dGH|
|Lighting needs for the Platy:||Moderate to High|
|Water Region:||Middle & Bottom of the aquarium|
When correctly cared for, Platy Fish is a hardy addition to any aquarium and can live up to 5 years. They are very peaceful fish and perform well with other community aquarium mates. Platys love to eat algae and plant matter, which makes them great for keeping your tank clean!
They are part of the live-bearing fish group, also known as "Poeciliidae," which means they give birth to their young instead of laying eggs. Females can be identified from males by a gravid spot near the base of their tail fin.
Their dorsal fins are usually straight and slide up and down while swimming. They come in various colors and are one of the easiest fish to care for. Though Platys are peaceful, they can sometimes be pugnacious during feeding time because they will often harass other fish, bite their fins, or nip at them constantly until the other fish eventually dies from stress and infection.
Platys like to school and should be kept in groups of 5 or more as they are very social fish.
Their long, flat-bottomed bodies make them great swimmers who love the middle to top regions of the aquarium. They also enjoy many plants and open areas to swim through, so a tank with plenty of plants and hiding spots is ideal. They are hardy enough to be kept in any freshwater aquarium but can also do well in a community tank with other non-aggressive fish species.
Platy Fish Origin
The vast majority of Platys in the world are bred in freshwater fish farms. Platys were initially introduced to North America by German immigrants in the 1800s, who used them for food and bait. However, today they can be found all over the world being popular pets due to their attractive coloring and personable attitude toward humans.
Platy Fish Appearance
Platys are iridescent silver, with hints of blue and green at the right angle. They have an adipose fin (the small second dorsal fin above their larger main fin) which is another reason they can be identified. They also have a dark spot under their tail fins which varies in size between individuals.
Platys can vary from white to blue, green, and even pink. In addition, there are specialty varieties such as the Dalmation Platy, which is black with one or two white spots on its side.
Platy Fish Gender Differences
Male Platys tend to be a little smaller and more slender than females. They also have a gonopodium, which is a modified anal fin that male livebearers use for reproduction.
Males are generally more brightly colored than females and have an anal fin that is pointed, not rounded like the female. Females tend to be thicker around the middle.
Males generally have bigger, rounder bellies than females, but other than that, the only way to tell them apart is by their fins. Females have straight-edged fins, whereas males have curved or frilly.
Behavioral Differences Between The Genders
During feeding time, male Platys can become aggressive toward other fish in the tank, chasing them away from food until they have eaten enough. In contrast, the female-only eats after the male has finished eating and is more likely to eat in a community tank where there are other non-aggressive fish.
When a female Platy is close to giving birth, it may lay on its sides and be very protective of its territory around them.
Platy Fish Lifespan
Because they are bred in aquarium farms, their life span is unknown. However, they can likely live up to 5 years in captivity with the right conditions. As with all pet fish, there is no guarantee of lifespan or health despite optimum care.
Platy Fish Size And Growth Rate
Platys grow up to 2.5 inches in length and can live for five years. They are slow growers that will not become fully grown until they are about 6 months old.
Platy Fish Behavior & Temperament
Platys are peaceful fish that are easy to care for. They can be kept with most community fish. However, they are known to nip at the fins of some species, such as angelfish or bettas. They are also timid and will prefer not to have their sleep disturbed by bright lights or loud noises.
Platys are peaceful fish that prefer to be kept in groups. They can tolerate other fish species but will become aggressive when spawning. A tank divider is recommended for livebearers. Depending on how you treat her, she can be your friend or your nemesis.
Platy Fish Breeding
Platys are easy to breed. The male will choose a favorite female, then proceed to court her by chasing her, nipping at her fins, and staying close to her. After breeding, the female should give birth within 24 hours. The fry will be tiny and need to be fed infusoria or special fry food for the first week of their lives.
Platys are hermaphrodites, meaning they can be born either male or female. Platys are very social creatures that do best in groups. They are also easy to care for because they can tolerate a wide variety of water conditions and are hardy fish. To breed them, you will need to buy at least three platies for each pair, so if you have two female Platys, you should have at least six in your tank to ensure they do not fight each other.
The male will court the female by nipping at her fins and chasing her around the tank; when ready to breed, they will swim together in a "T" formation with their vents close together. This process can go on for hours until they finally spawn and lay the eggs on a flat surface. The female will then pick up each egg and place it in her mouth for 16 hours. During this time, the male must be removed from the tank, or he will eat all of the eggs before they hatch.
Once they hatch, their parents instinctively move them around the tank. This is the best time to feed your fry infusoria, baby brine shrimp, or special fry food.
Female platies can be difficult to tell apart from male fish because they only develop their sexual characteristics when ready to mate. They also cannot be reliably identified until they are about 4 months old, and even then, it is not always easy to tell if your Platy is a male or female.
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Gestation Period And Pregnancy
There is no real gestation period in Platys due to their ability to breed multiple times throughout the year. However, like other live-bearing fish (such as guppies), they produce one batch of fry after another until they become too old or die. If you are looking for ways to limit your Platy population, we recommend getting a tank divider and isolating the female.
As mentioned before, they are part of the live-bearing family, which means they give birth to their young instead of laying eggs like most fish. The gestation period is around 10 - 30 days. The fry is born fully formed, so there is no need to feed them after birth unless there is more fry you can care for. If this happens, the adults will begin to eat the young, so it's best to separate them immediately.
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Common Platy Fish Types
There are several different types or breeds of Platy fish, some more readily available than others.
- Mickey Mouse Platy: The Mickey Mouse Platy is generally orange with a black head, although the head can also be silver. They have three dark stripes on each side of their body. They are very similar to the Dalmatian Platy but have more minor spots on their sides.
- Dalmatian Platy: The Dalmatian Platy is generally orange with a black-colored head, although the head can also be silver. They have numerous dark spots on their body, making them very attractive. They are quite similar in appearance to the Mickey Mouse Platy but have larger spots on their sides.
- Red Wag Platy: The Red Wag Platy is generally red, with some occasionally having black or white dots. Their tails are often longer than the average Platy tail, and their dorsal fin is smaller than the average Platy.
- Yellow Wag Platy: The Yellow Wag is a cross between regular male Platy and a female guppy, resulting in bright yellow Platy with long tails instead of the traditional short ones.
- Panda Platy: The Panda Platy gets its name from its white and black coloring, which resembles a panda bear in appearance. There are only two colors on these fish; white and black or sometimes grey; there are no other colors or markings.
- Sunburst Platy: The Sunburst Platy is a bright orange, yellow, and neon green plakat, which gives them their name as their tail is dipped in sunburst yellow, and they have a bright orange body with the rest of the fins being covered in neon green giving them a fantastic appearance. The colors and patterns on the Sunburst Platy vary greatly, some having orange and yellow throughout their body and fins, whereas others may have green or black markings. The dorsal fin is often larger than the female Platy.
- Marigold Platy: The Marigold Platy gets its name from its bright golden markings resembling a richly dyed fabric. They have a bright yellow tail, which they often hold above their head, and the top of their body is bright orange, and the rest are golden yellow or white.
- Neon Blue Platy: The Neon Blue Plate gets its name from two sources; the first is its striking neon blue coloring, and the Plakat breed produces the second. It has a bright blue body with no other markings or colors, making it one of the most striking Platyfish varieties.
- Albino Platy: The Albino Platy gets its name from its pale white coloring, lack of black pigment, and bright red-tinged eyes. They are produced by selectively breeding for this trait over time, but unlike the Panda Platy, the Albino Platy retains its longer fins and does not have a plakat body type.
- Balloon Platy: The Balloon Platy is a variation of the traditional Platys, with an inflated body to give it a balloon-like appearance. This fish can be black, blue, silver, or multi-colored and can vary in size depending on their age. It also has an extended dorsal fin.
Platy Fish Care Guide
Platys are very hardy fish and can tolerate a wide range of temperatures. They prefer temperatures between 65°F - 75°F. Water hardness should be around 10 - 28 dGH. Platys are very hardy fish and will thrive under these conditions.
Environment And Habitat
Platys are fast swimmers but prefer to stay in the middle of the tank. They are not known for their jumping ability and cannot climb glass surfaces to escape. As with all live-bearing fish (such as guppies), Platys can become pregnant very easily, so they must be housed with other Platys or a tank divider to prevent their numbers from overwhelming the tank.
They are normally very easy-going and peaceful but may become combative when breeding. In this case, it is best not to disturb them unless necessary, as they bite in self-defense when they feel threatened.
Platy Fish Food & Diet
They will eat various foods, including flakes, brine shrimp, and bloodworms. Be careful not to overfeed your tank, or you may experience water quality issues!
However, unlike most fish, they love to eat algae and plant matter to help keep your aquarium clean! They will also need to be fed live or prepared foods such as brine shrimp and bloodworms.
Platys are omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and meat. They feed on insects, larvae, crustaceans, and aquatic plants in the wild.
In an aquarium, their diet should be supplemented with algae sheets, wafers, and live worms. Some people choose to give their Platys a regular diet of flakes, though this may not be enough for them to thrive.
Platys are small fish that require at least 10-gallon tanks. However, larger tanks are better as they will grow bigger with age. Males can live comfortably in ponds outside, but females must be housed indoors due to their smaller size and larger, more aggressive male counterparts.
Platys can be kept with the most peaceful community fish. However, fast or nippy fish such as tetras and barbs may torment them because Platys cannot swim away quickly enough from their advances. There is a chance that once started; these attacks will become a daily problem.
It is suggested to have a tank heater, as it helps keep the water warm and also reduces the risk of sudden weather changes. A heater should provide heat, but 25°C is best for this fish.
Platys prefer slow-flowing filters as they like calm waters. However, most filters should be fine as long as they are not too strong for these small fish.
Platy Fish Environment
Platys prefer well-planted aquariums with areas for them to hide away. Plants are welcome, but be careful not to plant them into the roots of other plants, as this can cause damage. They also like bogwood and caves to sit in.
Cleaning The Aquarium
Unnecessary cleaning should be avoided, and spot clean as necessary. Never clean the gravel with a gravel cleaning tool, as you might damage the delicate fins of the Platys.
Platy Fish Behavior And Aggression
Platys are usually relaxed fish and can be housed with other calm fish species, including guppies (and the less aggressive livebearers).
However, they should not be kept with larger or more aggressive fish, as these could cause stress to the Platy or eat it!
In The Wild
Platys are from Central America and Mexico. They live in freshwater ponds and rivers with heavy vegetation, including algae, grasses, and floating plants. There is little oxygen in these waters because of all this plant life, which is why Platys have evolved to be able to lay eggs and give birth to live young.
In The Aquarium
Platys can easily be kept in a home aquarium, but they need a large planted tank with hiding places so that the females feel secure enough to reproduce. A cooler tank temperature of 15°C is also best for these fish, making them feel more secure.
Platys are very active fish that love to jump, so take care not to have any sharp decorations in the tank, as they may harm themselves. They also like floating plants and bogwood to swim through or rest under.
Platys prefer more subdued lighting as they like darker spaces to feel secure. They can live in bright light, though, and this will not cause them any problems.
Fish Diseases That Platy Fish Get
The most common disease that platties get is known as fin rot. This causes the fins to turn black and start peeling away, so it looks like they are rotting away. It mostly affects slow-swimming fish such as Platys, so if you notice your fish is not able to swim properly, then this could be why it will need to be treated. It is easily treated and normally taken care of within a month but can cause death if not treated in time.
Another prevalent disease that platties get is ich, which causes little white spots all over the fish's body. This is bad for platties because it means they are susceptible to other diseases, which is one of the main reasons they die. However, starting treatment can be cured immediately but usually with lots of salt.
If your platties are having problems with their eyes, this could mean that they have ich and will need to be treated right away before it spreads to the rest of their bodies.
If you notice red streaks going down the body of your fish, then this could mean that they have a parasite, and it will need to be treated as soon as possible, or else there is a chance it could kill them. This can be cured with lots of salt; if not, consider getting rid of any plants from your tank because they could have been infected there.
Treatments For Diseases
- The best thing to do is medicate the water with a product from your local pet shop because treating individual fish isn't very successful.
- There are many different medications, but generally, they will include formalin or malachite green, which can kill other parasites if you see your fish getting white dots on their skin.
- The type of medication you use will depend on what is wrong with your fish, but they must be used as a bath and not added to the tank directly.
- Another thing that can affect platties is cotton mouth disease. This causes white marks on the tongue of the fish, which look like cotton wool had been planted there. It isn't hazardous to the fish, but it makes them more likely to get sick, so you will need to treat it with a salt bath or medication.
The Most Important Things To Consider When Buying Platy Fish
When buying Platy fish, there are some essential things to consider before investing in your stock. It is not just about picking out the best-looking one because you want them all to live happily together for the longest time possible. So make sure you do your research before adding them to your tank.
- Look For Healthy Guppies: One of the most important things is to ask yourself why they are selling them so cheaply; if they look unhealthy, then there could be something wrong with them, and it might not be worth taking the risk. Make sure they look fat and healthy and are active in the tank.
- Only Buy What You Can Look After: Before investing in any fish, you should always research how many you can hold in your tank so that they do not become overcrowded or bullied by other fish. Also, if you have just set up a new tank, it is best to wait before buying any as they can put a lot of pressure on the filter as they are such big breeders.
- Only Buy From A Trusted Source: Make sure you buy from a trusted source, especially if it is your first time keeping fish, as you want to avoid any problems with illness or parasites. Do not hesitate to ask in-store or online if you have a question about anything.
- Decide On A Budget: Your budget is another essential thing to consider before buying fish. Remember that it can be quite an expensive hobby, so only invest if you can afford them for the next few years without having to have long arguments with yourself about it! Also, remember that they are an investment, so whether you are buying cheap or expensive ones, they will all need regular care.
- Do Your Research: Before investing in any fish, it is essential to research the first, not just how much they cost but also their specific requirements for living a happy and healthy life. Also, always ask the retailer anything you do not understand about their care.
- Only Buy What You Can Look After: It is important to remember that it is your responsibility to look after them and make sure they live happy healthy life, so only buy what you know you can take care of, no matter how cheap.
Advantage Of Having Platy Fish In Your Tank
- Affordable: A male/female pair can be bought for around £4-£5.
- Active: They are peaceful but like to swim around your tank and also love company.
- Easy To Breed: Platys breed very easily in the right conditions; therefore, if you decide to get rid of any excess fish, they would not be difficult to sell.
- Great With Other Fish: Platys are generally very peaceful towards other fish but sometimes can get nippy, so it is best not to keep them with more aggressive fish like Tiger Barbs.
- Easy To Digest: Platys are easy to digest and do not cause bloating like other live fish. They Look Amazing! The vibrant colors make these fish look amazing in the tank and look their best when kept in schools with various colored fish.
- You Can Stock Up: You can easily buy about 10 or more for less than £10.
- Easy To Maintain: As long as you have a suitable-sized tank and filter, these fish are easy to maintain. They Are A Great Fish For Kids Because they are small and docile, children often find it easy to care for themselves properly.
- They Help With Bacteria: Platys are great for an aquarium as their feces help with nitrification, which is the natural breaking down of ammonia in water to produce less harmful nitrates.
- Good For The Environment: As they are so small, they need hardly any space in your tank, meaning you can fit more fish into it. They will provide a great hiding place for smaller fish that larger ones might bully.
- You Can Have Many: With such a small price tag, you can get lots of these little fellas, which is great if you like to create a lively community tank with an assortment of different types of fish.
Disadvantages Of Having Platy Fish In Your Tank
- Only Live For About 3-5 Years: Because they are such small fish, unfortunately, they only live for about 3 to 5 years.
- Might Eat The Eggs Of Bigger Fish: If you have larger fish in your tank that is likely to breed, then there is a good chance that the platys will eat the eggs if they are not in a separate breeding tank.
- They Need A Good Quality Filter: If you have these fish in your tank, it is best to invest in a good quality filter because they are big breeders and produce lots of waste, so the water needs to be well filtered.
- Not Suitable For New Fish Keepers: Platys do not tend to benefit from the company of new fish keepers as they can be quite demanding and need a certain level of expertise in caring for them.
- They Can Become Aggressive: Platys are only peaceful if there is more than one male, so if you have just one, it might get aggressive towards other tank mates, such as guppies, in which case they need to be kept in a separate tank.
- They Are Difficult To Sex: It is complicated to tell the difference between male and female platy until they are fully grown, as their gender only becomes apparent once they have bred.
- They Live In Schools: Platys like to live in schools, so if you only have a few, they might go lonely and cause the more dominant ones to bully the weaker ones.
- They Might Eat Other Fish Food: If you give your platys other fish food, such as bloodworms and daphnia, they might find it tastier than their pellets, and they do not eat them.
- They Get Bored: Platys kept in a tank without other fish can become very bored, leading to stress and health problems.
- They Might Be Overcrowded: If you have too many platys in your tank, they will be more likely to bully each other as they will all want food, so it is best to keep a small number in the tank.
Platys are great for beginners because they are one of the most forgiving fish in terms of water quality and temperature requirements, but they are still active swimmers who look very friendly in an aquarium with fish of all different varieties.
In the wild, Platys eat insects, larvae, and small crustaceans. In an aquarium, they can be fed a variety of foods including flakes, brine shrimp, and bloodworms.
Be careful not to overfeed your tank or you may experience water quality issues! However, unlike most fish, they love to eat algae and plant matter so they can help keep your aquarium clean!
The Platy Fish is a very good fish for beginners and can be found in most pet shops. Just keep them away from other fish and you should do fine!
They are also known as the 'livebearer' due to their reproductive ability, but please do not add more than one male per tank or they will fight.